We deliver the EYFS through the Montessori curriculum. The five key areas of learning in the Montessori classroom are Practical Life, Sensorial, Literacy, Mathematics, and Culture.
Practical life includes life skills to help develop independence, coordination, concentration, self-control, self-awareness, confidence and include:
- Care of Self (food preparation, dressing, washing).
- Care of Environment (cleaning, gardening, care of pets, environmentalism).
- Grace and Courtesy (greetings, manners, social interactions).
- Control of Movement (refining movements, walking the line, moving quietly).
Sensorial activities allow the child to refine each of their senses:
- Sight (visual).
- Touch (tactile).
- Smell (olfactory).
- Taste (gustatory).
- Sound (auditory).
- Stereognostic (kinaesthetic).
Includes the manipulation of specifically designed materials that isolate qualities. Refines fine motor skills, visual and auditory senses and develops coordination and the ability to order and classify. Materials include the Pink Tower, Brown Stairs, Knobbed Cylinders and Colour Tablets.
Literacy is based on phonetic awareness. Children work through specific hands-on and tactile language materials such as the Sandpaper Letters to the Moveable Alphabet. Literacy is not an isolated topic but runs through the curriculum. The spoken language is the foundation for writing and then reading.
Mathematics is developed with the use of concrete learning materials. The sensorial area is the preparation for mathematics. Hands-on materials are used such as Number Rods, Sandpaper Numbers, Number Boards, Spindle Box, Number Tiles and Beads. Each exercise builds upon another and the child gradually moves to from concrete to abstract areas such as place value, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and fractions.
Culture allows the child to explore the natural world around them and includes:
- Geography (continents, landforms, earth layers, solar system).
- Zoology (classification, physiology of animals).
- Botany (ecology, classification, physiology of plants).
- History (time lines, using a calendar)
The cultural area is clearly identifiable by globes, puzzle maps, flags and perhaps images or materials from other cultures.
In addition, creativity (art and music) is encouraged across all curriculum areas